 /
/

# Wi-Fi Test Tips Eighteen: Introduction to CCDF

• Categories:WIFI Test knowledge
• Author:itest
• Origin:itest
• Time of issue:2019-01-10 00:00
• Views:

# Wi-Fi Test Tips Eighteen: Introduction to CCDF

Information

1. CCDF definition

CCDF is the abbreviation of Complementary Cumulative Distribution Function. It is defined as the probability that the peak-to-average value exceeds a certain threshold in a multi-carrier transmission system. It also refers to a statistical method characterized by the peak power value of the digital modulation signal.

2. The role of CCDF

CCDF measurement is a valuable analysis method in the wireless communication industry of multi-carrier transmission systems. Its application is as follows:

You can see the effect of modulation

Combine multiple signals through the system

Evaluation system spectrum extension characteristics

Design and test RF components, determine device parameters (peak-to-average ratio)

The most important application of the CCDF curve is to clearly specify the power characteristics of the signal during mixing, amplification and decoding in the system. For example, designers of baseband DSP signals can use the CCDF curve to fully clarify the power characteristics of the signal. This helps to avoid problems and signal test data uncertainty during system synthesis.

3. Meter software CCDF analysis

CCDF view:

Figure 1 CCDF view

Legend description:

1. The X axis represents the value higher than the average power of the signal in dB;

2. The Y axis represents the percentage of time that the signal is actually above the power level of the corresponding X axis;

3. CCDF template with limited Gaussian noise;

4. Frame average power;

5. The signal power exceeds the average power 3.3dB in 10% of the time;

6. The signal power exceeds the average power by 6.1dB in 1% of the time;

7. The signal power exceeds the average power by 7.3dB in 0.1% of the time;

The X axis in Figure 1 represents the value in dB, which is higher than the average power of the signal. The Y axis represents the percentage of signal power distribution. For example, when Y=1%, the peak-to-average ratio corresponding to the X axis is 5.9dB. This means that the signal power distribution is just 5.9dB larger than the average power, which is 1%.

CCDF analysis of 802.11b standard:

Figure 2 CCDF of 802.11b signal

Legend: When the Y-axis t=10%, the peak-to-average ratio deviation begins to increase

As shown in Figure 3 above, the phenomenon that the CCDF curve deviates from the template seriously indicates that the OFDM signal is overloaded. The cause of the overload may be

Copyright©2020 iTest Technology Co., Ltd. 粤ICP备15052409号　 Powered by www.300.cn 粤公网安备44030502000162号